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Information About Turkey

Official Name

Republic of Turkey

Date of Foundation

October 29, 1923



Largest Cities

Istanbul, Ankara, Izmir, Adana, Antalya


814.578 km2

Geographical Coordinates

Eastern Meridians 26° and 45° and Northern Parallels 36° and 42°

Coastal Borders

Mediterranean Sea in the south, Aegean Sea in the west and Black Sea in the north


The official language is Turkish. English is widely spoken in major cities.


TL (Turkish Lira) 1 Euro approximately equals to 2,8 Turkish Liras.

Time Zone

GMT+2; CET +1; and EST (US -East) +7

Business Hours 

The workweek in Turkey runs from Monday to Friday. Banks, government offices and majority of corporate offices open at 9 AM and close at 5 PM.

Public Holidays

There are two types of public holiday in Turkey: Those fall on the same day each year; and the religious festivals which change
according to the lunar calendar and, therefore, fall on different dates each year.
1 January, 23 April, 1 May, 19 May, 30 August, 28 & 29 October
Eid (Ramadan): 17-19 July 2015
Greater Eid: 24 September 2015


Visas are easily obtained through


220V. European standard round two-pin sockets.

Health Services

Cities and major touristic towns have a selection of private inter­national and public hospitals with good standards.


As with many Mediterranean nations Turkish food is very healthy, fresh and enjoyable.


Tap water is chlorinated and, therefore, safe to drink. However, it is recommended that you consume bottled water, which is readily and cheaply available


Turkey has three GSM operators, with all of them offering 3G services and almost over 95% coverage over the country. Internet service is available all around the country.

International Dial Code


A Country For All Tastes, Turkey has so much to offer her visitors: breathtaking natural beauties, unique historical and archeological sites, steadily improving hotel and touristic infrastructure, a tradition of hospitality and competitive prices. It is not surprising therefore that this country has recently become one of the world’s most popular tourism destinations. Due to Turkey’s diverse geography, one can experience four different climates in any one day. The rectangular shaped country is washed on three sides by three different seas. Its shores are laced with beaches, bays, coves, ports, islands and peninsulas. The summers are long, lasting as long as eight months in some areas. Turkey is also blessed with majestic mountains and valleys, lakes, rivers, waterfalls and grottoes perfect for winter and summer tourism and sports of all kinds.